:: Korean Journal of Breeding Science ::

Organization of the Manuscript

The manuscript should be organized in the following sequence.
Title and Authorship
Abstract and Keywords
Materials and Methods
Results and Discussion
Acknowledgements (optional)
Appendix or Nomenclature (optional)

Manuscript Format
The manuscript should be typed and double spaced on 210 mm by 280 mm (A4 size) paper. Manuscripts produced by MS word are acceptable. Margins on the top, bottom and sides should be at least 2.5 cm.

The manuscript should be arranged in the following order: cover page, with TITLE, by-line author's name(s) and address(es); ABSTRACT with key words; INTRODUCTION; MATERIALS AND METHODS; RESULTS (this section may be combined with discussion); DISCUSSION (this section may be combined with the RESULTS section); ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (optional); REFERENCES; table and figures. The E-mail address of the corresponding author is requested. The title page should also give a short title of up to 50 characters for heading successive pages.
The title should not exceed 12 words, and should never contain abbreviations or chemical formulas. Common names of crops are recommended to be used in the titles. Series of articles on the same subject are prohibited. Other information, such as grant funding, may be included in the acknowledgements section. The corresponding author should be indicated by “*”.
The ABSTRACT is to be on the second manuscript page, and should not exceed 250 words. It should not include bibliographic, figure, or table references. Equations, formulas, obscure abbreviations, and acronyms also are inappropriate. The abstract should be followed by key words indicating the contents of the research paper.
The INTRODUCTION should be brief, and clearly state the aim of the study. The literature review should be limited to information that is pertinent to the experiments performed.
The MATERIALS AND METHODS should include enough details so that a competent scientist can repeat the experiments. The methods should include citation of a reference if well known methods were used.
Nomenclature. Common names, Latin binomial or trinomial (in italics), and the authority for all plants, insects, and pathogens should be given at first mention in the abstract or text. Crop cultivars must be identified by single quotation marks when first appearing in the abstract or text, unless the cultivar status is already clear (e.g., identified by the word cultivar or the abbreviation cv).
Units of Measurement. All measurements should be in metric units.
Tables and Figures. The table and figure should be self-explanatory. Tables and figures must be set out on separate sheets in numerical order. The tables are to be divided between the table head (for basic information) and notes (for indicating significance, notations and definitions, or procedures). Figures must be provided separately from the text. Use the shoulder letters z), y), x), w), v), u), t), s), r)........ The shoulder letters or numbers should be cited left to right and top to bottom in the table. The symbols *, **, and *** are always used in this order to show statistical significance at the 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001 probability levels, respectively, and cannot be used for other footnotes. Ideally, tables and figures that can be reduced to one column (8 cm) or two columns width (17 cm) should be used.
REFERENCES.  If reference is made in the text to the papers listed in REFERENCES, they should be referred to by the author'(s) family name and the year published, according to the Harvard system. For the publications written by three or more authors, the name of the senior author followed by et al. should be used.
All literature cited should be listed in alphabetical order, by the family names of the authors. For the same author, or for the same set of authors, literature cited should be arranged chronologically. If there is more than one publication in the same year for the same author(s), the letters a, b, etc., should be added to the year. Please note the following examples, and refer to the details of literature citation in the current issue of the Journal of KBS.
1. Kang SY, Kim BK, Morita S. 2001. Leaf-Stem cutting as a rapid method for characterizing rooting habit of rice cultivars. Korean J. Breed. 33: 175-180.
2. Murata K, Nakamura C, Fujiwara M, Mori N, Kaneda C. 1997. RFLP mapping of brown planthopper resistance gene in rice. Proc. of the 8th SABRAO Genetal Congress and the Annual Meeting of the Korean Breeding Society. Seoul, Korea. pp.193-194.
3. Hartmann HT, Kester DE, Davies Jr. FT, Geneve RL. 1997. Plant propagation: Principles and practices. 6th ed. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
4. Karukstis KK. 1991. Chlorophyll fluorescence as a physiological probe of the photosynthetic apparatus, p. 769-795. In: H. Sheer (ed.). Chlorophylls. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.


Instructions to Authors for “New Cultivar Developed”
The Korean Journal of Breeding presents information on newly developed cultivars in a concise manner. Cultivars are typically 4-6 printed pages, and should not exceed six printed pages.

Please note that the organization of “New Cultivar Developed” differs somewhat from that of Articles.
Manuscripts of Cultivars should be divided into: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Acknowledgements, Literature cited, Figure legends, and Tables. The title page should list the names and addresses for all authors and should indicate the corresponding author. The abstract should not be structured, but should be written as a single paragraph that summarizes, in no more than 250 words, the background to the work, the new results to be reported, and their implications. Materials and Methods should be divided into subsections. All Cultivars accepted must have a combined Results and Discussion section. More than 10, but less than 30 references must be included.
The Abstract, Figure legends, and Tables should be written in English regardless of whether the manuscript will be published in English or Korean.
Other final versions must meet the Article guidelines. Manuscripts that do not follow the appropriate format will be returned to the author.