:: Korean Journal of Breeding Science ::

Instructions to Authors

The Korean Journal of Breeding Science (KJBS), the international open access journal of the Korean Society of Breeding Science (KSBS), publishes four issues of a yearly volume on March 1, June 1, September 1, and December 1 reporting on the advanced scientific aspects of crop breeding and genetics.

Submission of Manuscripts
Manuscripts should be submitted to the on-line submission system at http://www.breedsubmission.org following all prompts on the screen. Technical difficulties can be resolved by contacting to The Korean Society of Breeding Science (Phone: +82-31-296-6898, Fax: +82-31-292-0804, E-mail: koreabreed@hotmail.com, Address: The Korean Society of Breeding Science, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA, Suin-ro 126, Gwonseon-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, 16429, Republic of Korea).
Manuscripts are to be submitted in their final form and must be written in English or Korean, and the authors are urged to aim for clarity, brevity, and accuracy of the information and language. Authors whose first language is not English should have their manuscripts checked for linguistic accuracy by a fluent English speaker. A properly completed “Copyright Transfer Agreement” should also be supplied before the manuscript is published. The corresponding author is asked to sign on behalf of all authors.

Editorial and Review Policy
Editorial policy
Manuscripts submitted for publication should contain no materials that violate any copyright. Submission of a manuscript to KJBS involves the tacit assurance that no similar paper has been or will be submitted for publication in another journal.
It is the responsibility of the authors, not the KSBS, to determine whether disclosure of their material requires the prior consent of other parties, and to obtain such consent. Statements and opinions given in the work published by the KJBS are the expressions of the authors. As such, responsibility for the contents of published papers rests upon the authors, not the KSBS.

Publication type
KJBS accepts the following types of manuscripts: original research articles, review articles, and variety registration reports. An original research article represents an original, important contribution to crop breeding and genetics. The manuscript should clearly state the scope and purpose of the research work. The information presented must be objective and well organized, and the conclusions should be adequately supported. Review articles should be a critical evaluation of the existing state of knowledge on a particular aspect of crop breeding and genetics. Simple literature surveys will not be accepted for publication. Variety registration reports should provide brief descriptions of newly developed cultivars that offer definite advantages in research or practice in crop breeding and genetics.

Peer-review process
All manuscripts are subject to peer review to determine the validity of the experimental design and results, the significance, and the appropriateness for publication in KJBS.
When manuscripts are submitted successfully to the journal's online system, they are initially subjected to a pre-screening step by the editor-in-chief or associate editors. Manuscripts that are poorly written or fail to meet the required format will be rejected during the pre-screening step without further review. Manuscripts that pass this step will be assigned an editor for the selection of two anonymous reviewers. The corresponding author will be notified as soon as possible regarding the decision to accept, reject, or request revision of a manuscript by the decision of the editor. The manuscripts evaluated by all reviewers as “accept” or “request minor revisions” are considered to be accepted for publication, although some revisions may be required to address the concerns of the reviewers and/or the editor. In cases where a manuscript is evaluated as “review again after major revisions” or “reject” by at least one of the reviewers, the editor will analyze the reviewers’ comments thoroughly and make a decision regarding acceptance or rejection. If there are major flaws in the results of the research or the methodological design, the editor may ask the author to clarify and resubmit, or may reject the manuscript. If a manuscript is classified as “accept with revisions,” the author is expected to respond within 3 months, addressing all the comments raised by the reviewers, making appropriate corrections, or stating why the comments are unreasonable. The responsible editor or a reviewer will consider the revisions, and recommend that the associate editors either accept the manuscript for publication or reject it. The author will then be informed by the editor-in-chief of the final decision on the publication of the manuscript. When the final revised manuscript meets all KJBS content and format requirements and has been accepted for publication without additional revisions, it will be scheduled for publication in the next available issue.

Page proofs
The page proof stage is not a time for extensive corrections, additions, or deletions. It is advised that editing be limited to the correction of typographical errors, incorrect data, and grammatical errors, as well as for updating information on references that had been in press. Corrections to page proofs should be sent immediately by e-mail or a fast mail service, preferably within 2 business days.

Page charges
The page charge of papers published in this journal will be 60,000 won after the first edition. If a colored picture is included, the page charge will be 150,000 won. The processing cost for the publication of the article can be exempted for researchers from developing countries, after prior discussion with the editorial office. The corresponding author will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. Paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication.

Ethical Considerations
Research ethics
The purpose of the following guidelines is to present the basic ethical principles to be adhered to be authors, editors and peer reviewers for the publication of The Korean Journal of Breeding Science (KJBS) by The Korean Society of Breeding Science (refers to as the "KSBS"). If the work involves experimentation on living animals, the authors must provide evidence that it was performed in accordance with ethical guidelines. In the case of work involving human beings, the procedures should be in accordance with the ethical standards of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of the author's institution and with the 2000 revision of the Helsinki Declaration of 1975. For issues on research and publication ethics not stated in this guide, the "Responsible authorship quick guide (http://ori.hhs.gov)" or "Guidelines on Good Publication Practice (http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines)" should be consulted and followed.
The editorial committee is responsible for determining the plagiarism on articles that are already published or being reviewed. The council will consider and decide whether research ethics violations are committed or not, and appropriate disciplinary action will be taken.

Process for Managing Research and Publication Misconduct
When the journal faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct such as redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fraudulent or fabricated data, changes in authorship, an undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problems with a submitted manuscript, a reviewer who has appropriated an author's idea or data, complaints against editors, and soon, the resolution process will follow the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts). The discussion and decision on the suspected cases are carried out by the Editorial Board

Definition of Research Misconduct
Research misconduct (refers to as the “Misconduct”) as presented in the Regulation refers to fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, duplicate publication, and improper authorship.
① Fabrication refers to the act of creating false information about non-existent data or findings.
② Falsification refers to the act of distorting research information or results by artificially manipulating research materials, equipment, process, or by randomly transforming or deleting data.
③ Plagiarism refers to the act of fraudulent use of other people’ ideas, research content, and results without appropriate approval or quotation.
④ Duplicate publication refers to the act of showing the same or substantially similar academic work as the researcher’ own previous findings in another journal or literary work, without permission of the copyright holders or journal editors who first published it, or without displaying appropriate sources.
⑤ Improper authorship refers to when the person who has contributed to research contents or research results is scientifically and technically unqualified as an author or when the person who has not contributed to research contents or research results scientifically and technically is qualified as an author merely to express gratitude or courtesy.
⑥ Intentional acts to disturb a fraud investigation about themselves or others or the acts which can be harmful to informants.
⑦ Unfair evaluation regarding research of others or a disclosure or pirating of research ideas or research results acquired during the evaluation process.

CrossCheck is a multi-publisher initiative to screen published and submitted content for originality. To find out more about CrossCheck visit http://www.crossref.org/crosscheck.html. All manuscripts submitted to the KJBS may be screened, using the iThenticate tool, for textual similarity to other previously published works.

Manuscript authorship should be restricted to those who meet any of the following conditions: 1) substantial contribution to the conception and design of the study; 2) acquisition, interpretation, and analysis of data; 3) drafting the article or revising it critically for the important intellectual content. In addition, all listed authors must approve the final version of the manuscript to be published.
All the authors must have agreed to the submission and to the order of their names on the title page. They must also have agreed that the corresponding author may act on their behalf throughout the editorial review and publication process. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining such agreement. Requests for changes in authorship (order of listing or addition or deletion of name) after submission should be accompanied by signed statements of agreement from all the parties involved. To maintain and protect the ownership and rights, and to protect the original authors from misappropriations of their published work, authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement, which can be downloaded from journal website when a manuscript is accepted for publication. Unless this agreement is executed, KJBS will not publish the manuscript.

The subjects of Research Misconduct Policy
The research integrity committee of KJBS can commence an investigation to examine the veracity of research for the following situations.
① When an investigation is judged to be necessary after the items in "Definition of Research Misconduct" are reported.
② When the possibility of misconduct is recognized by an editorial board or an academic board.
③ When the need for re-investigation is recognized due to the significant defect in the verdict of an investigation.
④ When there is a request for an investigation from other organizations.

Investigation Report of Misconduct
Upon receipt of research ethics issues in relation to the academic activities, the Committee of KJBS should investigate the Misconduct and report the results within six months in principle. However, the Committee can extend the investigation period, if there are any difficulties to investigate within this period.
Each of the following paragraphs should be included:
① Contents of information
② The Misconduct subject to investigation
③ Names of Committee members and meeting minutes
④ Judgment of the investigation scope and whether it is true or not
⑤ Relevant evidence and witnesses

Principle of Verification
The Research Ethics Committee of KJBS should be responsible for verifying whether the Misconduct is true or not. The Committee should ensure that both the informant and the examinee’ equal rights and opportunities for statements of opinion, appeals of objection and pleading are respected, and notify them of related procedures in advance.

Follow-up on Investigation Report
If no research Misconduct is confirmed, the Committee of KJBS should conduct appropriate follow-up action in order to restore the honor and reputation of related researchers. If on the contrary research Misconduct is confirmed, this should be published and each of the following actions should be taken:
① Demand for cancellation or modification of research results
② Cancellation of publication of research results (Official written notice for cancellation should be sent to relevant agencies.)
③ Disqualification of membership for a reasonable period
④ Removal of the name of relevant persons
⑤ Names of persons involved should be provided to law enforcement authorities

The Record of an investigation and its Disclosure
① All written records made during the whole process of investigation must be kept for more than 5 years.
② The report on the outcomes of an investigation can be opened to public after the verdict.
③ The lists of witnesses, testifiers, and consultants may not be disclosed if they are requested.

Conflict of interest
All authors are asked to inform the editor-in-chief of the any actual or potential conflict of interest possibly influencing their interpretation of the data. Such conflicts may include but are not limited to financial support or personal relationships with other people or organizations, political pressure from interest groups, or academic problems.

Copyright policy
All copyright and other intellectual property rights related to the content of the journal are licensed to KJBS. Hence, a completed "Copyright Transfer Agreement" form should accompany any original material when it is first submitted to KJBS. Once a manuscript is accepted, KJBS asserts it's copyright and applies it to an open access policy. Articles may be reproduced and distributed only for noncommercial purposes, as detailed in the Creative Commons Attribution- Noncommercial license: http:// creativecommons.org/ licenses/ by-nc/3.0. In other words, through the Creative Commons license, KJBS allows others to reproduce and distribute the works it publishes, as long as the authors are properly attributed and the content is not plagiarized, misrepresented, or used for commercial purposes. Duplicate publications should not be represented as original publications; rather, KJBS should be cited as the original site of publication. Apart from these misuses, anyone is free to read, download, copy, share, store, print, search, link, and crawl the full- text of the work.

Organization of the Manuscript
The manuscript should be organized in the following sequence.
Title and Authorship
Abstract and Keywords
Materials and Methods
Results and Discussion
Acknowledgements (optional)
Appendix or Nomenclature (optional)

Manuscript Format
The manuscript should be typed and double spaced on 210 mm by 280 mm (A4 size) paper. Manuscripts produced by MS word are acceptable. Margins on the top, bottom and sides should be at least 2.5 cm.

The manuscript should be arranged in the following order: cover page, with TITLE, by-line author's name(s) and address(es); ABSTRACT with key words; INTRODUCTION; MATERIALS AND METHODS; RESULTS (this section may be combined with discussion); DISCUSSION (this section may be combined with the RESULTS section); ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (optional); REFERENCES; table and figures. The E-mail address of the corresponding author is requested. The title page should also give a short title of up to 50 characters for heading successive pages.
The title should not exceed 12 words, and should never contain abbreviations or chemical formulas. Common names of crops are recommended to be used in the titles. Series of articles on the same subject are prohibited. Other information, such as grant funding, may be included in the acknowledgements section. The corresponding author should be indicated by “*”.
ABSTRACT is to be on the second manuscript page, and should not exceed 250 words. It should not include bibliographic, figure, or table references. Equations, formulas, obscure abbreviations, and acronyms also are inappropriate. The abstract should be followed by key words indicating the contents of the research paper.
INTRODUCTION should be brief, and clearly state the aim of the study. The literature review should be limited to information that is pertinent to the experiments performed.
MATERIALS AND METHODS should include enough details so that a competent scientist can repeat the experiments. The methods should include citation of a reference if well known methods were used.
Nomenclature. Common names, Latin binomial or trinomial (in italics), and the authority for all plants, insects, and pathogens should be given at first mention in the abstract or text. Crop cultivars must be identified by single quotation marks when first appearing in the abstract or text, unless the cultivar status is already clear (e.g., identified by the word cultivar or the abbreviation cv).
Units of Measurement. All measurements should be in metric units.
Tables and Figures. The table and figure should be self-explanatory. Tables and figures must be set out on separate sheets in numerical order. The tables are to be divided between the table head (for basic information) and notes (for indicating significance, notations and definitions, or procedures). Figures must be provided separately from the text. Use the shoulder letters z), y), x), w), v), u), t), s), r)........ The shoulder letters or numbers should be cited left to right and top to bottom in the table. The symbols *, **, and *** are always used in this order to show statistical significance at the 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001 probability levels, respectively, and cannot be used for other footnotes. Ideally, tables and figures that can be reduced to one column (8 cm) or two columns width (17 cm) should be used.
REFERENCES.  If reference is made in the text to the papers listed in REFERENCES, they should be referred to by the author'(s) family name and the year published, according to the Harvard system. For the publications written by three or more authors, the name of the senior author followed by et al. should be used.
All literature cited should be listed in alphabetical order, by the family names of the authors. For the same author, or for the same set of authors, literature cited should be arranged chronologically. If there is more than one publication in the same year for the same author(s), the letters a, b, etc., should be added to the year. Please note the following examples, and refer to the details of literature citation in the current issue of the Journal of KBS.
Examples of references are as follows:
1. Kang SY, Kim BK, Morita S. 2001. Leaf-Stem cutting as a rapid method for characterizing rooting habit of rice cultivars. Korean J. Breed. 33: 175-180.
2. Murata K, Nakamura C, Fujiwara M, Mori N, Kaneda C. 1997. RFLP mapping of brown planthopper resistance gene in rice. Proc. of the 8th SABRAO Genetal Congress and the Annual Meeting of the Korean Breeding Society. Seoul, Korea. pp.193-194.
3. Hartmann HT, Kester DE, Davies Jr. FT, Geneve RL. 1997. Plant propagation: Principles and practices. 6th ed. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
4. Karukstis KK. 1991. Chlorophyll fluorescence as a physiological probe of the photosynthetic apparatus, p. 769-795. In: H. Sheer (ed.). Chlorophylls. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.


Instructions to Authors for “New Cultivar Developed”
The Korean Journal of Breeding presents information on newly developed cultivars in a concise manner. Cultivars are typically 4-6 printed pages, and should not exceed six printed pages.

Please note that the organization of “New Cultivar Developed” differs somewhat from that of Articles.
Manuscripts of Cultivars should be divided into: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Acknowledgements, Literature cited, Figure legends, and Tables. The title page should list the names and addresses for all authors and should indicate the corresponding author. The abstract should not be structured, but should be written as a single paragraph that summarizes, in no more than 250 words, the background to the work, the new results to be reported, and their implications. Materials and Methods should be divided into subsections. All Cultivars accepted must have a combined Results and Discussion section. More than 10, but less than 30 references must be included.
The Abstract, Figure legends, and Tables should be written in English regardless of whether the manuscript will be published in English or Korean.
Other final versions must meet the Article guidelines. Manuscripts that do not follow the appropriate format will be returned to the author.